Mar 21

Structure, Composition and Dynamics of Lipoproteins: How to Get New Clinical Markers for Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is the main killer in the western world. Current clinical praxis relies on the usage of total lipoproteins as markers for atherosclerosis, even though deaths occur in people with normal lipoprotein blood profiles. Each lipoprotein fraction presents a wide variability in both composition and structure that needs to be thoroughly assessed for more accurate use of these particles as biomarkers in the diagnostics of atherosclerosis. In this PhD project, the lipoprotein structure, composition and dynamics at model blood vessel surfaces will be investigated and correlated to the risk of developing atherosclerosis. Mapping of the lipoprotein structure will be done by small angle neutron and X-ray scattering while the compositional analysis will be done by proteomics and lipidomics, apart from biochemical assays. Despite of the importance of charting out lipid dynamics to exchange fat (lipoproteins carry fats in the body), only a few studies to date have addressed this point. We have already developed methodologies to enable studies of lipid dynamics between lipoproteins and model cellular membranes that now will be applied to systematically assess the role of lipoprotein subtype. This will advance the understanding of the initial molecular events leading to atherosclerosis and enable more specific clinical markers and more accurate early detection tools.

Contact: Prof. Dr. Marité Cárdenas
Planned starting date: August 19, 2019
Further info: http://web103.reachmee.com/ext/I005/1015/job?site=6&lang=SE&validator=df9f5539db53eab37b3e3087d2a2669b&job_id=796